3. Hassidic Jews – from Hassidism, a religious movement originated in Southern Poland in 18th century
4. Reds – supporters of the Red (Bolshevik, later Communist) Army
5. Whites – supporters of the old regime, or Czarist Army
6. Greens – supporters of the Ukrainian Nationalist Army, as well as random gangs or unaffiliated marauders. All of these were warring factions during the Civil War of 1918 – 1920.
7. Vera Kholodnaya – one of the most famous Russian silent movie actresses, analogous to Bette Davis or Marlene Dietrich.
8. Shivah – seven days of mourning following the death of a relative.
9. Birobidjan – an autonomous republic established for Jews by Stalin’s order in 1934, located in the far northeast of the Soviet Union, close to the Chinese border.
10. Shikseh – a woman or girl of non-Jewish birth.
As you will find out when you open the actual appetizer recipes, they are loaded with symbolism meant to bring good luck in the New Year – “a bissele Mazel“!