Colorful Lentil Soup

Since the age of bugging adults with an incessant stream of questions, I was preoccupied by figuring out what exactly was “this red stuff” that Yaakov was cooking on that fateful day. Eisav, the outdoors-man, runs in from the fields totally exhausted and demands, “Gimme red, this red!” We learn that his other name, Edom, actually resulted from this demand. The word haadam (red) is repeated twice, and Torah, of course,does not repeat things simply for rhetorical purposes. Was Yaakov cooking several dishes, so his brother was just making sure to clarify the choice? Or is the word itself so significant that even his name is derived from it?


I hear you, preschool and kindergarten Morahs (teachers), how come Eisav is not a redhead in this picture? Don’t we all picture him as a barbarian with a great big head of wild red hair and beard?


Well, it’s definitely great for arts and crafts, and the stark visual contrast will be entrenched in kids’ minds. But – I hate to disappoint you! – the Torah doesn’t say that. It only says that he was born d’moini, which is usually translated as RUDDY, or RED, all over. Red hair? Maybe. Probably. Or maybe not. Is it important? I think not. I think the repetition of the word RED is more important to the understanding of Eisav’s character traits.

So anyway, as we all know, Yaakov says, “No problem, brother, just sell me your birthright, and gei fresn, mamele (literally, go stuff yourself).”  Nope, he didn’t say that! What he actually proposed was, “Make your Bechoira (birthright) mine.” And Eisav, who wasn’t really hungry  – at least not hungry for food! – but was fatigued after running around hunting all day long, gave an answer that may look flippant, “Hey, bro, I’m gonna die, what good is it to me?” Wait a minute, isn’t everyone going to die eventually? When I was told that my father was terminal, my first reaction was, we are all terminal, we are all going to die, Eisav said it already for all of us, and the timing of it is in H-shem’s hand!

It’s not that simple, though, as Rashi points out. Twins have their own communication code, and Eisav, having heard from his learned brother a description of his duties as a Kohen Godol (The High Priest), as well as the swift punishment by death, should those duties not be fulfilled precisely as H-shem commands, resolves that he is just not up to the task. Yaakov, of course, had known his brother’s character flaws, thus the seemingly outrageous suggestion. The deal is done, Eisav happily sells all his rights and responsibilities, and Yaakov serves him lentil soup (sometimes translated as stew).

This long preliminary is leading to a very simple recipe, lentil soup. Their grandfather, Avrohom Avinu (Our Father Abraham), passed away. Their father, Yitzhok (Isaac), was sitting Shiva (traditional mourning). Yaakov was cooking a lentil soup – or stew – that has since become a traditional mourning meal in Sephardic communities. Conversely, an Eastern European consolation meal would have leikach cake (life is sweet), mashke – a strong liquor (life is bitter), and eggs (the cycle of life and rebirth).  Yes, lentils come in a veritable rainbow of colors, from bright green to black, and from yellow to red, but here is the problem: even red lentils, when you cook them, turn brown. Oy vey!

Lentil soup 1.jpg

It makes sense to keep using brown lentils, as they are the cheapest. Grated carrots and diced tomatoes add colors, in addition to flavor, but they won’t make it red. Fresh chopped parsley and dill provide a touch of green and contribute to the taste, together with a generous portion of squeezed garlic. There are two ways of making a pareve (meatless and non-dairy) lentil soup, a long one and a short one. The first requires you to sear garlic with carrots on a frying pan first, then throw everything in a pot, add water, bring to boil, season, reduce to simmering and cook. And cook. And cook… The longer, the better!

Lentil soup 1a.jpg

The short way involves using soup powder. I prefer chicken flavor, but there is a variety on the market, so choose your favorite one. In addition to salt and pepper, I season it with cinnamon and cumin. But how do we make it red, after all?

Lentil soup 2.jpg

Quite a few chefs, mostly Sephardic, recommend using sumac and paprika. Some also insist on seasoning with cilantro, or coriander, on the grounds of it being the most prevalent herb in ancient Israel, therefore possibly emulating Yaakov’s original recipe. I won’t argue with cilantro – I use it a lot, and love it! – but let me tell you, no matter how much sumac and paprika you dump  into your soup, it will stay brown. Look at all the images of it online, and you’ll see what I mean. Sometimes I add some beet juice, if I have it left over from something else, and it contributes a little to the taste, but not to color.

By the way, I am not quite sure that sumac was used in ancient times for cooking, but we do have records of its usage for medicinal and dyeing purposes.  The word itself is either Assyrian (that’s Ashur), or Aramaic, and perhaps the red beards sported by Nabuchadnezar, Shalmanazar, Achashveirosh, and the rest of those fashion-conscious kings owed their color to this lemony spice. Did Eisav also use it to get with the style? Just speculating.

And the maskana (conclusion) is, I think the twice repeated RED means something infinitely deeper and more crucial to Eisav’s entire outlook on life than the color of this dish he craves and greedily consumes. This is when he chooses his derech (way of life), and it is hence reflected in his name. This is only my opinion, so don’t quote me, but throw all these ingredients into a pot (a crock pot is even better) and enjoy the simple goodness of this hearty, filling, and very healthy colorful soup.

Colorful Lentil Soup.jpg


  • 1 lb dry lentils
  • 2 quarts water
  • 1/2 cup grated carrots
  • 1/2 cup diced tomatoes
  • 2 – 3 garlic cloves, squeezed
  • 2 tablespoons fresh chopped parsley, or parsley and dill, or cilantro – your choice
  • 1/2 cup beet juice (optional)
  • 1 heaping tablespoon of pareve soup powder (your choice of flavor)
  • Cinnamon and cumin to taste
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • Sprinkle of paprika
  • Sprinkle of sumac


In a crock pot or stove-top pot, assemble all ingredients, except for soup powder and spices. If using crock pot, put on high for 30 minutes, add soup powder and spices,then turn to low setting for at least 6 hours. If cooking stove-top, bring to boil, add soup powder and spices, then reduce heat to medium and cook for at least 20 minutes, stirring occasionally. As with every bean-based soup, the more you let it cook, the more tender and flavorful it will be.






23 Comments Add yours

  1. Reblogged this on koolkosherkitchen and commented:

    This week we are reading the Torah portion about Yaakov (Jacob) and his twin brother Eisav (Esau). I thought it would be appropriate to repeat a recipe which in my house is called “Eisav’s Soup.”

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you so much, dear Henrietta, for reblogging! Have a great day!


  2. I think you have a good basis for your conclusion! Look for a pingback on this!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you so much, Melinda!

      Liked by 1 person

      1. You’re welcome, Dolly!

        Liked by 1 person

  3. This post was such a blessing to me! My best friend, (sister, really) converted to Judaism a few years before her passing. I loved this story so much because I felt as if she were sharing it with me. Also I gave birth to twin daughters and they do indeed have their own language. I needed to read this morning and I’ll probably read it again. Thank you! (((HUGS)))

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Dear Mel, I am so sorry about the loss of your sister! I am glad you like the story, though, and your sister is definitely sharing it with you when you are thinking of her. She is in a better place, but she is also always with you! Hugs and blessings to you and your twins!

      Liked by 2 people

  4. feistyfroggy says:

    Very interesting. I didn’t know that Esau was also called Edom. I’ve recently read through the Torah and your post brought things into perspective. The soup looks great too!

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Thank you so much – I am glad you like it! And have you also read that Esau/Edom was the ancestor of Romans?

      Liked by 1 person

      1. feistyfroggy says:

        I hadn’t, but with the name “Edom” (referred to as Edomites in the Torah?) I have begun making those connections. So interesting!

        Liked by 2 people

      2. Exactly; Edomites are Romans.

        Liked by 2 people

  5. feistyfroggy says:

    That’s pretty amazing.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you so much! I am glad you like it.

      Liked by 1 person

  6. susieshy45 says:

    I didn’t know Edomites were Romans- I am not Jewish but the Old Testament refers to them often and hence my question. It is perfectly feasible that Romans were around the Levant in Old Testament times but my question is why does the New Testament refer to Romans as Romans and not Edomites.
    People who drink a lot of liquor have a ruddy skin tone which is often smooth, rather than hairy.
    A lot of Syrian people of the current generation have red heads and beards and eye brows- so it is possible that Esau was a red head too.
    Loved your story. I love another Arabic soup called Shorba- which must be similar to this- it has potatoes added to it.
    Do you blend the lentils in this soup ?


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    There’s definately a lot to know about this issue. I really
    like all of the points you’ve made.


    1. Thank you for your comment!


  10. nickmhancock says:

    Great post. I’ve had little exposure to the Torah, but I find these little glimpses interesting, especially when they are expertly intertwined with a recipe!

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Thank you so much for your kind words and for your interest!


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